Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh erected Hawa Mahal or the Palace of the Wind in 1799, which eventually became one of the major landmarks of Jaipur. An integral part of the City Palace, it is actually an extension of its women's chambers, and is secluded from the main complex. Lal Chand Usta designed this exemplary five storeyed building in red and pink sand stone. It is beautifully outlined with white borders and its motifs are painted with quick lime. The monument provides a spectacular view of Jaipur city overlooking the road avenues, intersections and colorful crowds in the market. It was originally conceived in the era when ladies lived behind veils and screens so that the ladies of the royal household can see glimpses of the everyday life and the royal processions in the city without being seen by others.
Its delicate façade looks more like a screen from the roadside
than a palace. It looks like a honeycomb with its pyramid-shaped
structure that has tier after tier of 953 small casements. Each casement
has tiny lattice worked pink windows, along with small balconies and
arched roofs with hanging cornices that were deftly modeled and carved.
These small windows also serve to circulate cool air in the palace, an
ingenious device to keep the place cool without the use of electricity,
even in hot months. The pyramidal outline is smooth throughout by
shoving and multiplying casements to fill up the spaces as requires and
uses repetition of motifs to augment its beauty.
One can enter the Hawa Mahal from the City Palace side, through a
pompous door, which opens into a large courtyard surrounded by a double
storeyed building on three sides that houses a small archeological
museum here. However, the eastern wing is five storeys high, the above
three storeys being only a single room thick. The building stands on a
raised platform and is actually a fifty-foot high thin shield, not more
than a foot thick and has the small intimate chambers, giving the palace
its distinguishing façade. No regular stairs have been built to
reach the upper floors except the ramps. Hawa Mahal is currently under
the supervision of the State archeological department and the best time
to see it is at sunrise when sunlight through the latticed windows
renders it a divine glow.
Hawa Mahal is known as the Palace of the Wind.Know more about the Hawa Mahal jaipur.